Bramante, Donato

(Donato di Pascuccio; 1444-1514).
   The leading architect of the High Renaissance. Bramante trained as a painter, probably with Piero della Francesca or Andrea Mantegna. His career as architect began in Milan where, alongside Leonardo da Vinci, he worked for the Sforza rulers. His earliest known commission is the Church of Santa Maria presso San Satiro (beg. 1478), where the most interesting feature is the illusionistic relief in perspective he added to extend visually the shallow space of the apse. In Milan, Bramante also worked on the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie (beg. 1493) to serve as the final resting place of the Sforza family. The work was begun by Guiniforte Scolari and passed on to Bramante so he could modernize the design. Bramante, who left the project incomplete when he moved to Rome in 1499, added the transept, crossing (where the nave and transept cross), and apse utilizing an Albertian vocabulary. In Rome, Bramante created his most important masterpieces: the Tempietto at San Pietro Montorio (c. 1502-1512), the Belvedere Court at the Vatican (beg. 1505), and the plan for New St. Peter's (1506). With these monuments, he gave the lead in architecture, until then held by Florence, to Rome.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bramante, Donato — • Italian architect and painter, b. about 1444 at Monte Asdrualdo; d. in Rome, 11 March, 1514 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bramante, Donato — born 1444, probably at Monte Asdruvaldo, Duchy of Urbino died April 11, 1514, Rome Italian architect and perspectivist painter. The son of a farmer, he was working as a painter by 1477. His early architectural works included the church of Santa… …   Universalium

  • BRAMANTE, Donato — (1444 1514)    Donato Bramante is considered the first High Renaissance architect in Rome because his classical style shifted from the more general use of classical references characteristic of the Early Renaissance to a more specific and… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Bramante, Donato — (1444, probablemente en Monte Asdruvaldo, ducado de Urbino–11 abr. 1514, Roma). Arquitecto y pintor perspectivista italiano. Hijo de un granjero, en 1477 ya trabajaba como pintor. Sus primeros trabajos arquitectónicos son la iglesia de Santa… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bramante, Donato — (1443/4 1514)    Italian artist, known principally as an architect. He originally worked at Urbino and Milan as a painter, but his service to the duke of Milan led to involvement in architectural work, beginning perhaps with paintings and… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Bramante,Donato — Bra·man·te (brə mänʹtā, brä mänʹtĕ), Donato. 1444 1514. Italian architect who evolved the style known as High Renaissance. He provided the original central plan for the new Saint Peter s Basilica (begun in 1506). * * * …   Universalium

  • BRAMANTE, DONATO —    architect; laid the foundation of St. Peter s at Rome, which he did not live to complete (1444 1514) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Bramante, Donato d´Agnolo di Pascuccio, llamado el — ► (1444 1514) Arquitecto italiano. Es la gran figura de la arquitectura del Renacimiento. Por encargo de Julio II realizó diversas obras urbanísticas, el templete de san Pedro in Montorio (1502) y, sobre todo, la nueva basílica de San Pedro del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bramante, Donato di Pasuccio d’Antonio —  (1444–1514) Italian architect and artist …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Donato d'Angelo Lazzari — Bramante in Raffaels Fresko Schule von Athen Büste des Bramante im Park der Villa Medici in Rom Bramante (Donato Brama …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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